News

12 Oct

Earlier today the General Assembly elected 18 new members to the Human Rights Council, the UN’s top human rights body, for the 2019-2021 term. Not only were countries that blatantly violate the required criteria among those elected, they received a substantial number of votes. 

24 Sep

The world’s top human rights body should only be composed of States who have a genuine commitment to protecting human rights. At the Human Rights Council elections to take place tomorrow in New York, UN Member States should refrain from voting for candidates that blatantly fail to uphold the highest standards of human rights and fail to fully cooperate with this Council.

11 Oct

We all possess the fundamental right to express our views, free from repression or attack. States should use Chad’s upcoming Universal Periodic Review as an opportunity to call on the government to stop the erosion of civil society space, and create a protective legislative framework for human rights defenders. 

31 Mar

Update 5 October 2018: CONGRATULATIONS to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for receiving the Nobel Peace Prize 2018 today! Both laureates were awarded for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. Dr Denis Mukwege is a surgeon and one of the most prominent human and women’s rights defenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). ISHR spoke with him during his visit to Geneva.

02 Oct

With three countries adopting a national law for the protection of defenders in the past five years, West Africa has become a leading region on the continent. Guinea recently made some steps to possibly join them soon.

CSW62 | Cases of US visa denials must be addressed

22.09.2018

The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women and meets annually in New York for two weeks every March.

CSW sessions are an opportunity for women’s rights advocates from around the world to contribute to the work of the CSW, hear from other advocates and share their experiences. However, due to the visa denials, many women invited to attend and contribute to the CSW’s work were barred from this opportunity.

Despite the 62nd session’s focus on “Challenges and opportunities in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”, many of the visa denials were to poor, unmarried, childless, rural women. “It was precisely the voices of those that the 62nd session of the Commission was aimed at empowering that were silenced,” stated ISHR’s New York Director and Legal Counsel Madeleine Sinclair. “It appears, based on the line of questioning in the visa interviews, that the bases for refusal were the economic status, marital status, nationality and gender of the applicants. Overwhelmingly, the women to whom visas were denied were poor, unmarried, childless, living in rural areas, and from developing and Least Developed Countries—this is disturbing considering the 62nd session’s focus on rural women and girls,” Sinclair stated.

ISHR’s communication claims that the visa denials run contrary to the obligations of the U.S. as host country of the United Nations, violate the right to access and communicate with international bodies, and limit the meaningful participation of women in the human rights system.

As the host country, the U.S. entered into an agreement with the UN that prohibits the U.S. from imposing impediments to NGOs and persons invited by the UN to transit to or from UN headquarters in New York. “These women were invited by the UN to attend the CSW and the U.S. has a clear obligation not to impede their travel. The U.S. is in clear contravention of the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations (the Headquarters Agreement)", Sinclair added.

In addition to the protections granted by the Headquarters Agreement, the right to access and communicate with international bodies is firmly grounded in international law. “As the host country of the United Nations in New York, the United States authorities should ensure that the laws, policies, and practices of the United States—including its embassies and consulates abroad––uphold the right of individuals to access and communicate with international bodies,” said Sinclair.

“There is good reason for this—the views and experiences of civil society have been a crucial source of knowledge and expertise for the UN since its creation. Such views and experiences have been central to enhancing decision-making, increasing ownership of decisions, improving accountability and transparency, and enriching outcomes,” she stated.

The right to access and communicate with the UN is pivotal for the advancement of human rights. It is integral that CSW take steps to address these cases, and ensure this situation does not recur in the future. 

Contacts:
Madeleine Sinclair, New York director and legal counsel, m.sinclair@ishr.ch, 917-544-6148

Tess McEvoy, Programme manager and legal counsel, t.mcevoy@ishr.ch, 929-323-9962

Photo: Wikimedia Commons/Anonymous

About the CSW Communications Procedure

Any individual, NGO, group or network may submit communications (complaints/appeals/petitions) to the CSW containing information relating to alleged violations of human rights that affect the status of women in any country in the world. The CSW considers such communications as part of its annual programme of work in order to identify emerging trends and patterns of injustice and discriminatory practices against women for purposes of policy formulation and development of strategies for the promotion of gender equality. The CSW does not take decisions on the merit of communications that are submitted to it and, therefore, the communications procedure does not provide an avenue for the redress of individual grievances. 

 

Elections | Human Rights Council Pledging Events 2018

19.09.2018

Dialogue between civil society and States is instrumental for the advancement of human rights. The Pledging Events, organised each year by ISHR and Amnesty International, provide a critical opportunity for civil society to directly and constructively engage with candidate States for the Human Rights Council, the chief UN body addressing human rights violations.

The events aim to enhance transparency and accountability in Human Rights Council elections and improve adherence to Council membership standards. Toward these goals, candidate States were asked questions from the audience and Twitter using the hashtag #HRCPledging.

States committed to transparency and dialogue

Eight candidate States participated in both events—Austria, Argentina, Bahamas, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy and Uruguay, while Fiji participated in the Geneva event. In participating these States demonstrated their commitment to civil society’s voice in the Council’s work.

Unfortunately, nine candidates States—Bahrain, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Eritrea, India, Philippines, Somalia and Togo—either declined to participate or did not respond to the invitation. It is worth acknowledging that Burkina Faso did attend, but declined to participate in, the event in Geneva. The decision not to participate is particularly disappointing, and suggests a lack of willingness on the part of these States to prioritize transparency and dialogue.

During the event, audience members expressed concern about the absence of these States, and indicated that if they had attended they would have asked them pertinent questions, including –

  • Why do Bahrain’s voluntary pledges include addressing ‘incitement of anti-nationalism’, essentially committing to continue violating freedom of expression as a Council member?
  • Will Eritrea commit to cooperating with the Special Rapporteur on Eritrea established by the Human Rights Council, considering that cooperation with Council mechanisms is required of Council members?
  • What India would respond regarding the request to visit the country from the Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of expression, David Kaye?
  • How would the Philippines ensure its compliance to the obligation to cooperate with UN human rights mechanisms, including a possible future UN led independent international investigation?

Discussion on human rights issues

Despite the absence of some States, key human rights issues were addressed in a fruitful discussion. Civil society’s voice in the Council’s work was supported across the board. Argentina, Italy, Bulgaria and others highlighted their commitment to cooperate with civil society organisations. The Czech Republic added, ‘Civil society organisations are one of the main stakeholders in making our work better in the Council,’ noting that defenders are a top priority and that special attention must be paid to women defenders.

Protection of the rights of LGBTI persons were also at the forefront of the discussion. States, including the Bahamas, the Czech Republic and Denmark, indicated they would support the renewal of the mandate of the Independent Expert on violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Reprisals, attacks against defenders for engaging with the United Nations, were addressed. In positive news for defenders, all States condemned attacks against them. More specifically, Italy noted that it created focal points at every Italian embassy to assist human rights defenders. Austria added, ‘We will continue to condemn any act of reprisal and take necessary follow up with the UN bodies when actions against reprisals are taken by them, to make sure all are accountable.’

In addition, all participating States expressed their commitment to improving the Human Rights Council itself. Candidate States pledged to work with other States to improve efficiency within the Council.

The candidate States also made the following comments:

  • Austria stated it is important to see Human Rights Council as credible, legitimate, and as taking action, and will work to improve the Council’s responses for pressing problems.
  • Argentina pledged to empower Human Rights Council to act effectively in urgent situations involving serious violations of human rights and give absolute liberty to mandate holders.
  • Bahamas intends to advocate for human rights standards compliance within its subregion and commits to sharing its experiences at the United Nations at the regional level.
  • Bulgaria indicated that allocation of funds to the Council should be increased.
  • Czech Republic promised to work to ensure United Nations mechanisms are respected.
  • Denmark pledged to support renewal of the sexual orientation and gender identity expert mandate and to ensuring civil society’s voice in the Council.
  • Fiji committed to giving the South Pacific region a voice in the Council.
  • Italy pledged to work as a Council member to combat international crimes and impunity.
  • Uruguay committed to encourage cooperation among States regarding discussion around issues related to human rights, even those that are sensitive and difficult to address.

The events had the generous sponsorship of Albania, Australia, Chile, Mongolia, Nepal and Senegal, and were moderated by Andrew Gilmour, Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, in New York, and Peggy Hicks, Director of Thematic Engagement, Special Procedures and Right to Development Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in Geneva.

For more information concerning the upcoming Human Rights Council election and to view our scorecards, which offer a quick, objective comparison of the human rights situation of candidate States, click here.

You can watch the Geneva parallel event on the ISHR YouTube channel.

Photos of the discussions can be found on our Facebook page.

Contacts: Tess McEvoy, t.mcevoy@ishr.ch and Salma El Hosseiny, s.hosseiny@ishr.ch.

Photo Credit: ISHR

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Mechanism

1984

ISHR commences work to develop an international Declaration on the Rights of Human Rights Defenders

1988

ISHR publishes first Human Rights Monitor, connecting human rights defenders on the ground with international human rights systems and developments

1993

ISHR facilitates global civil society engagement with the Second World Conference on Human Rights, which leads to the strengthening of women’s rights, the affirmation of universal rights, the adoption of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and the establishment of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

1994

ISHR provides training, technical assistance and support to its 1000th human rights defender

1998

After 14 years of ISHR lobbying, advocacy and negotiation, the UN General Assembly adopts the landmark Declaration on Human Rights Defenders

2000

UN Secretary-General appoints Hina Jilani as inaugural UN Special Representative on Human Rights Defenders, strengthening protection of human rights advocates at risk worldwide.

2004

ISHR leads a successful campaign for the appointment of a Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights

2005

ISHR co-founds and supports a range of international and regional human rights coalitions, including the Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition, the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project and the West African Human Rights Defenders Network

2006

ISHR contributes to the establishment and institution building of a new global peak body for human rights issues, the UN Human Rights Council

2007

ISHR leads and coordinates the development of the Yogyakarta Principles on sexual orientation and gender identity, strengthening legal recognition and protection of LGBT rights worldwide

2011

ISHR’s sustained advocacy on the issue of reprisals and intimidation faced by human rights defenders leads to adoption of landmark UN Human Rights Council resolution condemning and strengthening protections against reprisals

2012

Working with key NGO partners such as Amnesty International, ISHR leads civil society efforts to strengthen UN human rights treaty bodies, prevent their weakening and better connect their work with victims and human rights defenders on the ground

2013

Working with supportive states and NGOs, ISHR advocacy leads to adoption of historic Human Rights Council resolution calling on all States to review and amend national laws to respect and protect the work of human rights defenders