Mali | Groundbreaking new law strengthens legal protection of human rights defenders

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ISHR, the Malian Coalition of Human Rights Defenders, Front Line Defenders and the West African Human Rights Defenders Network welcome the adoption of a human rights defenders law in Mali. After years of efforts and a demanding legislative process, they are hailing it as an important step towards defenders' protection. The Government must now establish and resource a protection mechanism to ensure the effective implementation of this law.

News

18 Jan

ISHR urges States to use Burundi’s Universal Periodic Review happening today to call on the Burundian Government to refrain from criminalising the legitimate activities of human rights defenders and refrain from restricting their rights.

12 Jan
Protest

ISHR, Amnesty International and partners have published a checklist for the selection and appointment of a UN expert on freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Candidates have until 23 January 2018 to apply for the position.

11 Jan
Yogyakarta Principles dandelion image

In a landmark Opinion, the regional human rights court of the Americas has upheld the rights of trans persons and same-sex couples. Referring to the Yogyakarta Principles and the Yogyakarta Principles plus 10, the Court advised Costa Rica that it should ensure that trans persons can change their name and gender markers on identity documents, and that same-sex couples enjoy full family rights – including marriage.

04 Jan

In a year that deep cuts were made to UN budgets, resourcing for human rights activities took a hit. Concluding its main session, the UN General Assembly’s approved approximately 50% less funding for some human rights posts than requested. Funds to support the work of treaty bodies were cut, but the need to adequately fund treaty bodies was reaffirmed, establishing a mandate for future resource requests.  

29 Dec

If you’re looking to make that last minute donation, there’s still time to invest in the future of human rights by empowering their defenders.

Statement ACHPR_Item11_ENG

UNGA72 | Key messages from Special Rapporteurs

31.10.2017
Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz presented her report on 12 October 2017, this year focusing on the implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, citing that there has been limited progress. The Special Rapporteur called on States to review how their laws and policies might discriminate against indigenous peoples. She reminded States of the importance of protecting the land rights of indigenous peoples, because this enables them to protect natural resources and the environment. Several States, including Canada, Norway, and Lithuania, expressed concern over retaliation against human rights defenders and civil society activists working on indigenous rights, and asked how to better protect these defenders.

Full Session

Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief

Ahmed Shaheed presented his report on 24 October 2017, focusing on religious intolerance and national practices. He reported that over 70 States have anti-blasphemy laws, which enable intolerance and contribute to the persecution of groups and individuals, hindering their right to freedom of religion or belief. The Special Rapporteur called on States to refrain from politicising religion, to promote religious literacy, and to implement transparent policies at local and national levels. During interactive dialogues, States asked how civil society can participate in protecting religious minorities, and which policy measures could most effectively protect religious minorities and safeguard the right to freedom of religion or belief.

Presentation
Full Session

Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights

Karima Bennoune presented her report on 25 October 2017, focusing on fundamentalism and extremism as threats to cultural rights, particularly the cultural rights of women. The Special Rapporteur stated that some governments and movements seek to ‘penalise and stigmatise’ women human rights defenders who promote cultural rights and oppose fundamentalism and extremism. Many countries asked about measures to promote women’s cultural rights and gender equality. However, Russia maintained that the Special Rapporteur adopted a Western approach to the mandate and rejected principles of cultural and religious heritage. The Special Rapporteur reaffirmed that the issue is a universal human rights issue, and she took a universal human rights approach.

Presentation
Full Session

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

Yanghee Lee presented her report on 25 October 2017, stating that several laws in Myanmar are in contravention of international human rights standards and allow for the criminalisation of legitimate expression. The Special Rapporteur is gravely concerned over land confiscation, violence between groups, incidents against Christians and Muslims, the Rohingya refugee crisis, and the treatment of Rohingya in the Rakhine State. She calls on Myanmar to take measures to protect the Rohingya, allow humanitarian access, and ensure equality among different groups. Countries expressed serious concern over the situation of the Rohingya in Myanmar and across the border.

Presentation
Full Session

A resolution, to be introduced by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, is expected on Myanmar with a focus on the Rakhine people.

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Asma Jahangir presented her report on 25 October 2017, noting some progress in the country’s legal framework and the participatory democratic process in the 2016 presidential elections. However, the Special Rapporteur was gravely concerned over the high rate of executions in Iran. She also reported on the detention or sentencing of 12 journalists, persecutions against human rights defenders and attacks against women human rights defenders through smear campaigns. Activists are arrested, tortured, and detained, and organised human rights activities are curbed to repress human rights defenders. The Special Rapporteur was also concerned that journalists who reported to her mandate did so fearing possible consequences from the Iranian government. Some countries, including Eritrea, Pakistan, and Syria, presented challenges to the basis for the mandate.

Presentation
Full Session

A resolution on the human rights situation on Iran is being negotiated at the Third Committee by Canada.

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea (DPRK)

Tomas Ojea Quintana presented his report on 26 October 2017, focusing on political and security developments. The Special Rapporteur expresses concern over the recent sanctions on DPRK because they may lead to a negative impact on human rights.  Additionally, women in detention centres repatriated by China to DPRK are vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence within a culture of impunity. The Special Rapporteur calls on the international community to continue insisting on human rights principles because it has made DPRK more open to engaging with human rights mechanisms. Many countries expressed extreme concern and supported the work of Quintana. The DPRK was not present at the interactive dialogue.

Presentation
Full Session

A resolution on DPRK is being negotiated by the European Union and Japan.

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea

Sheila B. Keetharuth presented her report on 26 October 2017, remarking on the situation of Eritreans fleeing the country and Eritrea’s engagement with the international community. The Special Rapporteur noted that cases she has received on enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearances, rape, torture, and murder amount to crimes against humanity. The Special Rapporteur also reported cases of extrajudicial killings of those attempting to cross the border out of the country, including children. The Special Rapporteur called for the implementation of human rights norms while avoiding reprisals against those that exercise freedom of expression and opinion. Venezuela, Egypt, Nicaragua, and Russia, among other countries, stated that the Universal Periodic Review and other human rights mechanisms at the Human Rights Council are more appropriate platforms for addressing a country-specific issue.

Presentation
Full Session

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus

Miklós Haraszti presented his report on 26 October 2017, focusing largely on the concentration of power in the Belarus government and its impact on civil and political rights. ‘Belarus has returned to mass and violent oppression of those who dared to criticise public policy,’ said Haraszti. He reported that Treaty Body recommendations to Belarus were omitted from its human rights action plan;  it’s parliament is ineffective;  political opposition is silenced and arrested; independent media is harassed and intimidated, and the claim that civic activism is dangerous has been reinforced. Haraszti said that for human rights to improve, there needs to be a long period of development involving civil society. Countries like Venezuela, Eritrea, Syria, Cuba, and Pakistan challenged the need for a country-specific mandate.

Presentation
Full Session

ISHR is supportive of the important work of Special Rapporteurs in raising awareness of human rights situations in specific countries and across a range of issues. 

Photo: Jean-Marc Ferré via UN Photos

Pages

Opinion:

ISHR Director Phil Lynch reflects on civil society's highs and lows at the Human Rights Council in 2017, and offers some thoughts on opportunities to strengthen the Council and make it more accessible, effective and protective for human rights defenders and victims of violations in the year ahead.

Browse our articles:

Region

Country

Topic

Mechanism

1984

ISHR commences work to develop an international Declaration on the Rights of Human Rights Defenders

1988

ISHR publishes first Human Rights Monitor, connecting human rights defenders on the ground with international human rights systems and developments

1993

ISHR facilitates global civil society engagement with the Second World Conference on Human Rights, which leads to the strengthening of women’s rights, the affirmation of universal rights, the adoption of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and the establishment of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

1994

ISHR provides training, technical assistance and support to its 1000th human rights defender

1998

After 14 years of ISHR lobbying, advocacy and negotiation, the UN General Assembly adopts the landmark Declaration on Human Rights Defenders

2000

UN Secretary-General appoints Hina Jilani as inaugural UN Special Representative on Human Rights Defenders, strengthening protection of human rights advocates at risk worldwide.

2004

ISHR leads a successful campaign for the appointment of a Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights

2005

ISHR co-founds and supports a range of international and regional human rights coalitions, including the Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition, the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project and the West African Human Rights Defenders Network

2006

ISHR contributes to the establishment and institution building of a new global peak body for human rights issues, the UN Human Rights Council

2007

ISHR leads and coordinates the development of the Yogyakarta Principles on sexual orientation and gender identity, strengthening legal recognition and protection of LGBT rights worldwide

2011

ISHR’s sustained advocacy on the issue of reprisals and intimidation faced by human rights defenders leads to adoption of landmark UN Human Rights Council resolution condemning and strengthening protections against reprisals

2012

Working with key NGO partners such as Amnesty International, ISHR leads civil society efforts to strengthen UN human rights treaty bodies, prevent their weakening and better connect their work with victims and human rights defenders on the ground

2013

Working with supportive states and NGOs, ISHR advocacy leads to adoption of historic Human Rights Council resolution calling on all States to review and amend national laws to respect and protect the work of human rights defenders