African States: Reporting obligations under the Maputo Protocol must be respected


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(Banjul, The Gambia) - At the 58th session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the African Commission) States were urged to fulfill their reporting requirements for the Protocol to the African Charter On Human And Peoples' Rights on the rights of women in Africa (Maputo Protocol).

The Protocol was adopted in July 2003 and went to the effect in 2005 after 15 ratifications. It is a binding instrument which protects women’s rights in Africa. Article 62 of the African Charter and aArticle 26 of the Maputo Protocol makes it mandatory for State parties to submit a report in two parts: the first on the progress made to implement the African Charter, the second on the Maputo Protocol itself using the 2009 African Commission's guidelines.

Article 26 of the Maputo Protocol reads as follows:

'1. States Parties shall ensure the implementation of this Protocol at national level, and in their periodic reports submitted in accordance with Article 62 of the African Charter, indicate the legislative and other measures undertaken for the full realisation of the rights herein recognised.

2. States Parties undertake to adopt all necessary measures and in particular shall provide budgetary and other resources for the full and effective implementation of the rights herein recognised.'

‘To date, only five countries have reported in accordance with the stipulated guidelines of 2009. This panel’s objective is to therefore raise awareness about the 2009 guidelines and take questions of clarity from State Parties that may need some assistance,’ said Lucy Asuagbor, the African Commission's Special Rapporteur on the rights of women in Africa. Ms Takumbu Johnson, one of the panelists, explained that the initial State report on the Maputo Protocol must be less than 50 pages and that the subsequent reports should not be more than 30 pages. While the first report was expected to be very extensive and substantive, follow-up reports are to contain the following: measures taken to publicise and implement recommendations from the previous reports; details of relevant future plans and specific measures taken to implement recommendations made by the Special Rapporteur on women in Africa.

In conclusion the Special Rapporteur  said that since no State parties took the floor with queries, she expected State compliance in this regard to increase.


  • Africa
  • Human rights defenders
  • NGOs
  • Women's rights and WHRD
  • African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights