#ACHPR59 | State periodic reports - Côte d’Ivoire and Mauritius


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Member States of the African Commission are required every two years to present updates on the human rights situations in their country. At the 59th session it was Côte d’Ivoire and Mauritius' turn.

Article 62 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights requires Member States to submit State Periodic Reports to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Commission) every two years. Pursuant to this, Côte d’Ivoire and Mauritius presented their State Periodic Reports during the 59th ordinary session of the Commission.

The Mauritius delegation presented its sixth to eighth combined state periodic report to the African Commission covering the period 2009 to 2015. The oral presentation highlighted significant legal developments in the country. In particular, the amendment of the National Protection Human Rights Act, which expands the mandate of the National Human Rights Commission. The Commission now has the liberty and autonomy to engage relevant regional and international bodies or individuals to investigate human rights concerns in an independent manner.

The delegation emphasised the importance of civil society in the country, but noted with concern that no shadow report was submitted to the African Commission, given the active role of civil society organisations at the Universal Periodic Review and other UN Treaty Body submissions. Commissioner Pansy Tlakula, the Commissioner in charge of Mauritius acknowledged that the Government carries out a lot of work on women’s rights. However, she urged the country to expedite its efforts to ratify the the African Charter's protocol regarding the rights of women in Africa, known as the 'Maputo Protocol', which was signed in 2005.

On 27 October, Côte d’Ivoire presented its second combined state periodic report to the African Commission covering the period 2012 to 2015. In their oral report, the Ivorian delegation highlighted the adoption of a law that protects and promotes human rights defenders in 2014 as the implementation of one of the Commission’s recommendation from 2012 review. They explained that they achieved this by working closely with civil society organisations such as the Ivorian Coalition of Human Rights Defenders.

While the implementation decree is pending they said civil society organisations and national human rights institutions representatives will be part of the protection committee that will be responsible for monitoring the implementation of the human rights defender protection law. Commissioner Alapini-Gansou said she was convinced there was significant improvement in the lives of defenders in the country and stressed that the adoption of the implementation decree was a matter of urgency.  

Commissioner Kayitesi, the Commissioner in charge of Côte d’Ivoire encouraged the Government to take measures towards aligning the National Commission for Human Rights of Côte d'Ivoire with the Paris Principles. She called for transparency regarding the appointment of Commissioners, the representation of genuine civil society organisations within the Commission and for more independence regarding it’s work and budget.

Read the National Commission for Human Rights of Côte d'Ivoire shadow report here.


  • Africa
  • Human rights defenders
  • NGOs
  • African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
  • ACHPR Special Rapporteur on HRDs
  • Ivory Coast
  • Mauritius